The most northern and sixth largest State, Jammu and Kashmir (usually abbreviated as J&K) is among the most awe-inspiring state. And it has mountainous beautiful states. Additionally by splitting this subcontinent in three separate regions.
He covers the culture and religional diverse subcontinent. The southwest corner of the vast area is a mostly Hindu region that surrounds the capital city of winter, Jammu.
The North region of the First Himalayan range
Near the northern part of the Himalayan range is a majority Muslim Kashmir. Notorious not just for its stunning beauty, but as well because of its ongoing political issues. To the northeast of the border dispute with Pakistan and China is the rugged.
And remote region of Ladakh which, actually represents more than 70 percent of the state. It is predominantly populated by believers to Tibetan Buddhism.
Jammu is the largest state city, and is a classic way to get to the region. It features an impressive array of forts and beautiful temples that are worth a visit.
The majority of foreigners choose to go to the capital city in the summer. Srinagar is the center of the famed Kashmir Valley. It also includes the lush meadows and hills that lie between Gulmarg or Pahalgam.
Because of the harsh climate of the region it’s not accessible during a couple of months during the entire year. Except if you go straight for the charming capital city Leh located in the midst by many villages. These are with a monastic center and further west towards Leh Lamayuru.
Leh Lamayuru is located halfway along the road between Srinagar and Leh. It is a perfect place to stop on your way to Kargil. It is the point of departure for this remote Zanskar valley.
The icy lakes at Pangong Tso and Tso Moriri:
The cold lake in Pangong Tso and Tso Moriri as well as the bizarre Nubra Valley. With its sand dunes and migrating camels are among the least heavily populated. Yet stunning regions worth a trip from Leh. The western portion of Ladakh has a substantial Muslim population. However this grows to nearly 95% when they cross the Kashmir “frontier”.
The capital and the largest city in Kashmir is the most popular attraction. It is the summer capital city of Srinagar. Located in the middle of the famed Kashmir Valley. And is also home to the meadows and green hills in Gulmarg along with Pahalgam.
There is a nearly 1,000m drop from Kashmir to the lower lands of Jammu. It is in which Doguri is often in the spoken language in areas with a Hindu majority. The capital of the same name is the biggest in Jammu, it is of no attraction to visitors. The traditional way to get into the area is it’s stunning fortifications. As well as its stunning array of temples is well worth taking a trip.
Best weather to visit
The most harsh climate of J&K can be found in Ladakh as well. The area’s pass is open only between late June and the end of October. When the sun shines at its most intense during this time of the year and the temperatures are pleasant.
While Zanskar is an alpine desert in recent years, the quantity of rain has been increasing. In the months of July and August making it difficult to trek. The temperature drops dramatically between November and but from December to decrease to minus 40° until February.
The only method of getting in the and out Zanskar is to walk along the the river that is frozen. The majority of guest houses and hotels remain closed. From time between October until April. However most garden restaurants are open during summer’s peak.
Kashmir can be at its peak (but it is also the busiest and most expensive) between late March and mid-May. This time the spring flowers bloom in the abundance. And in September and early November to enjoy golden summer days, and quiet nights. The climate in the Kashmir Valley is not as severe as Ladakh.
And, despite the fact that it is true that the Jammu Strait is opened by the military. Winter months are characterized by frigid temperatures and plenty of snow. The majority of the Kashmir Valley (including Srinagar itself) is situated at an altitude below 2500m over sea level. Which means that the summer months are surprisingly hot with temperatures that can reach 35 degrees Celsius.
There is also a significant rain in the months of July and August. Situated on the high above a plain in the Jammu region is a great place to visit anytime throughout the year. However it can be extremely humid and hot between April and August. It can also be extremely foggy and cold in the middle of winter.
Trekking in Kashmir
While it’s a huge trek destination there have been a few foreigners who made their way in the hills. In the past few years because of security issues. The once-booming business is gradually recovering and since 1995 , there have been no incidents of unpleasantness involving foreign visitors.
But, due to the challenging terrain and the delicate political environment. It is not recommended going without at least one local guide. Trekking companies in Srinagar or Pahalgam can arrange fully-organized treks that include horses, porters and other equipment.
Pahalgam is the primary base for treks of different lengths and levels of difficulty. These range from his two-day round-trip trek in Ridahi Valley. All the way to his week-long trek up through Panikal in Suluhi Valley, Ladakh. It is also possible to hike from Sonamag.
The trekking conditions can be quite sweaty and hot in the middle of summer. With best time to hike being the late spring and in the winter off-season in autumn. The most desirable card to use is Seat 1 of Leomann’s Indian Himalaya series.